Until then, however, it should have no weight in the U.S. and human rights … In March, Xinjiang authorities announced that they had arrested nearly 13,000 “terrorists” in the region since 2014, and on July 30, publicly stated that “most” held in Xinjiang’s “political education” camps had “returned to society”; neither claim was substantiated with credible evidence. The Chinese government continues to deny independent observers—including UN human rights experts—unfettered access to the region, which makes verifying information, particularly concerning detainees, very difficult. It strengthened ideological control, particularly in higher education, among religious and ethnic minorities, and within the bureaucracy. Thirteen million Uyghur and other Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang are suffering particularly harsh repression. In March, during the UN Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review, China accepted recommendations to adopt legislation prohibiting discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity in education and employment. During 2019, several people were charged with “subverting a constitutional government.” This includes seven activists arrested between May 20 and 27 at the Robert Mugabe International Airport in Harare on their return from a workshop on peaceful resistance and civil disobedience in the Maldives, hosted by the Centre for Applied Nonviolent Action and Strategies. A Human Rights Watch report has found child athletes in Japan often suffer physical and verbal abuse and sometimes sexual abuse when training for … In April, a Pakistani television station gained entry to what it said was a “matchmaking center” in Lahore where six women and girls, two only 13 years old, were held awaiting transit to China as brides. One of the countries analyzed every year is Chile. In July, a court in Sichuan province handed down a 12-year sentence to Huang Qi, a prominent activist and founder of human rights website 64 Tianwang, on “leaking state secrets” charges. In a year in which the CCP was especially keen to maintain a veneer of stability, Hong Kong, a special administrative region of China that enjoys limited—but eroding—freedoms, exploded into open defiance. Human Rights Watch considers North Koreans in China as refugees sur place, meaning their arrival in China put them at risk if returned. Human rights reforms implemented by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed during his first year in office were threatened in 2019 by communal, including ethnic, conflict and breakdowns in law and order. In 2019, officials further intensified surveillance of online and phone communication. On September 14, as reported by the Zimbabwe Hospital Doctors Association, three unidentified men abducted Dr. Peter Magombeyi, a government employee and leader of the doctors’ union that had organized a series of protests to demand better salaries for government doctors. Perhaps when Human Rights Watch has new leadership, it can restore itself to its moral and academic high ground. Authorities’ use of technologies for mass surveillance and social control has been unprecedented, especially in a region where people cannot challenge such intrusions. Two cases publicized by the Qinghai authorities in 2019, involving local opposition to land acquisition by the government, demonstrate that Tibetans are being prosecuted under the campaign for defense of their economic and cultural rights. The proposed marriage law, which parliament has yet to finalize at time of writing, seeks to outlaw child marriage, but it does not adequately protect women’s property at divorce. China decriminalized homosexuality in 1997, but it still lacks laws protecting people from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, and same-sex partnership is not legal. Protests spread across the city, and continued at time of writing. Roth, a US citizen who had freely entered Hong Kong before, said he had hoped to release Human Rights Watch's World Report 2020 at the city's Foreign Correspondents' Club on Wednesday. The SADC summit “noted the adverse impact on the economy of Zimbabwe and the region at large, of prolonged economic sanctions imposed on Zimbabwe, and expressed solidarity with Zimbabwe, and called for the immediate lifting of the sanctions to facilitate socio-economic recovery in the country.”. Source: HRW. In October Guangzhou authorities detained Sophia Huang Xueqin, a journalist who has written extensively about China’s #MeToo movement and about the protests in Hong Kong. Armed separatists have also killed, tortured, and kidnapped dozens of civilians, including teachers, students, an… World Report 2020, HRW's 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe, includes reviews of human rights practices and trends in nearly 100 countries, and an introductor… Right to Education. Those without residence status in Sichuan were deported to their home provinces, where they were reportedly detained for reeducation. Hong Kong’s Chief Executive Carrie Lam condemned the protest, calling it “a riot.” Although Lam later suspended the amendments, her long refusal to formally withdraw them or condemn police brutality, and her designation of the June 12 protest as “riot” led to a record-breaking march with an estimated 2 million demonstrators on June 16. Government censorship now extends far beyond its borders; its mix of typically financial incentives and intimidation are manipulating discourse about China around the world. It summarizes key human rights issues in … Little to no efforts were made to bring those responsible for the abuses to justice. Current laws on marriage and divorce do not conform to the country’s constitution, which provides that spouses have equal rights and responsibilities. Human Rights Watch: i diritti violati nel mondo secondo il report 2020 Dall'Italia alla Cina. In January, a court in Tianjin sentenced human rights lawyer Wang Quanzhang to four-and-a-half years in prison for “subversion.” In the same month, a court in Hubei province sentenced Liu Feiyue, a veteran activist and founder of the human rights news website Minsheng Guancha, to five years in prison for “inciting subversion.”. Secondary school students, some aged 16 or 17, are forced to … Authorities continued a national crackdown on users of Twitter—already blocked in China—that started in November 2018. The government classifies many religious groups outside its control as “evil cults,” and subjects members to police harassment, torture, arbitrary detention, and imprisonment. E poi la Siria, il Kazakistan, la Turchia, la Libia. In August, Beijing formally arrested writer and China-born Australian citizen Yang Hengjun on espionage charges, seven months after he was detained in southern China. In April, Beijing authorities blocked lawyer Chen Jiangang from leaving China to take part in a fellowship program in the United States. HRW – Human Rights Watch World Report 2020 - Bangladesh Bangladesh’s ruling Awami League government ignored calls during the year for an independent investigation into serious allegations of electoral fraud after the December 2018 national elections. Government censors initially blocked online discussions and media reporting of the case, leading to an online uproar. Dall'Iran al Brasile. At around the same time, the US State Department announced it would withhold visas from Chinese government officials found to be culpable in Xinjiang abuses. In an episode of “The Good Fight,” American broadcaster CBS censored an animated short that depicted a host of references to topics that have been censored on the Chinese internet. Following the protests, security forces intensified a crackdown on supporters of the opposition Movement for Democratic Change Alliance (MDCA), union leaders involved in organizing the protests, and civil society activists. Huang, detained since November 2016, suffers from several serious health conditions for which he has not been given adequate treatment. World Report 2020 is Human Rights Watch’s 30th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, Women’s and Girls’ Rights, Sexual Orientation, and Gender Identity, Two Years After #MeToo Erupts, A New Treaty Anchors Workplace Shifts, Holding Companies to Account: Momentum Builds for Corporate Human Rights Duties, As Killer Robots Loom, Demands Grow to Keep Humans in Control of Use of Force, Shutting Down the Internet to Shut Up Critics, With Millions Out of School, the Countdown Begins to Get All Children into Quality, Accessible Education, Going to the Bank for Food, Not Money: The Growing Reality of Hunger in “Rich” Countries, shut down access to social media and the internet, confirmed on September 16 that Magombeyi was missing. The Tanzanian government cracked down on media and civil society groups and individuals critical of the government. Report. Aside from detentions and enforced disappearances, authorities continue to subject human rights activists and lawyers and their families to house arrest, harassment, surveillance, and travel bans. January 20, 2020. In a March speech, President Xi called for educators to fend off “false ideas and thoughts” when teaching ideologies and politics courses. Some protesters used violence, throwing Molotov cocktails at police, setting roadblocks on fire; and in a number of cases attacked people they accused of being pro-Beijing infiltrators, including setting one person on fire. One company, the US-based Thermo Fisher Scientific, which supplied DNA sequencers to Xinjiang police when authorities were indiscriminately collecting DNA from residents, announced in February that it would “cease all sales and servicing of our human identification technology” in Xinjiang. HRW – Human Rights Watch World Report 2020 - South Africa On May 8, Matamela Cyril Ramaphosa was elected to a five-year term as president after serving briefly in the same role following the resignation of Jacob Zuma in February 2018. By the end of 2018, 507,300 Eritreans had fled, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), about 10 percent of the population. One was about United States lawmaker Bob Menendez raising concerns about “the gradual downward spiral of respect for civil liberties in Tanzania,” and another reported that the Tanzani… Many women and girls are deceived through false promises of employment into travelling to China, only to be sold to Chinese families as brides and held in sexual slavery, often for years. In March, censors removed social media accounts of Ma Ling, a clickbait blogger who commanded an audience of more than 16 million. On March 4, US President Donald Trump extended sanctions against the Mnangagwa administration by one year, arguing that the new government’s policies continued to pose an “unusual and extraordinary” threat to US foreign policy. More human rights defenders were detained in 2019. Beijing authorities pressured schools in the city to expel or deny admission to the 6-year-old son of imprisoned lawyer Wang Quanzhang. Several media reports in 2019 revealed that some people who had been “released” were assigned to factories against their will, where they were given wages far below the legal minimum and prohibited from leaving. Committed to Promoting Equality, Dignity, and Justice Worldwide Under President Xi Jinping’s leadership, the one-party Chinese government tightened its grip over sectors of society it found threatening, such as the internet, activists, and nongovernmental organizations. (BAT) has today become the first tobacco company to publish a Human Rights Report. HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH is one of the world's leading independent organizations dedicated to defending and protecting human rights, and operates in more than eighty countries. Despite President Emerson Mnangagwa repeatedly voicing his commitments to human rights reforms, Zimbabwe remained highly intolerant of basic rights, peaceful dissent, and free expression in 2019. Eritrea: Human Rights Watch 2020 report Indefinite Military Service and Forced Labor. In April, a Sichuan court sentenced activist Chen Bing to three-and-a-half years for commemorating the 1989 Tiananmen Massacre. The declaration is expected to take the form of a report from the office of Elan Carr, the U.S. special envoy to monitor and combat anti-Semitism. Police forcibly disappeared her mother by placing her under incommunicado house arrest for days, and sending government agents to live in her home. HRW – Human Rights Watch World Report 2020 - Ethiopia Human rights reforms implemented by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed during his first year in office were threatened in 2019 by communal, including ethnic, conflict and breakdowns in law and order. The United Nations special rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association, Clément Nyaletsossi Voule, visited Zimbabwe in September and outlined a slew of “extremely disturbing” abuses by Zimbabwe’s security forces in his preliminary findings, describing “reports of excessive, disproportionate and lethal use of force against protestors, through the use of tear gas, batons and live ammunition.” Voule urged the government to thoroughly investigate the incidents and prosecute those responsible. Access was restored on January 21. A CCP notice banning retired Tibetan government employees from performing kora, the practice of circumambulating a sacred site, appears to have been issued in early August 2019. During nationwide protests against worsening economic conditions, security forces killed 14 men and 3 women between January 14 and February 5. Few universities have responded with robust defenses of all students’ and scholars’ right to academic freedom. The killing underscores the impunity that prevails in the Philippines, Human Rights Watch deputy Asia director Phil Robertson said in a statement on Monday. Even tourists to the region—including non-Chinese citizens—are required to download a phone app that secretly monitors them. Human Rights Watch is an independent, international organization that works as part of a vibrant movement to uphold human dignity and advance the cause of human rights for all. During the forum, President Xi pledged to work with other countries to foster environment-friendly development, yet some of the BRI projects have been criticized for lack of transparency, disregard of community concerns, and threats of environmental degradation. The US Congress and European Parliament issued resolutions and considered legislation on issues including Hong Kong, Tibet, and Xinjiang, yet few governments were willing to impose tougher responses, such as sanctions or export controls, to press Beijing to change its policies. In response, Hong Kong police moved to disperse the protesters, firing teargas, beanbag rounds, and rubber bullets. He had reportedly been ill-treated while serving a four-and-a-half-year sentence on fabricated charges of “gathering a crowd to disrupt public order” and “picking quarrels.” Consistent with a number of other cases in recent years of prominent human rights defenders dying in or soon after release from detention, authorities have not held anyone accountable for wrongdoing. Under the MOPO bill, the exercise of the right to peaceful assembly is not fully guaranteed, as law enforcement agencies are still given broad regulatory discretion and powers. JUST WATCHED ... the extensive 88-page report by US-based Human Rights Watch ... Asia director at Human Rights Watch… In March, the state-owned Bank of China said it would evaluate the funding commitment to a hydropower plant in Indonesia. Credible estimates indicate that about 1 million Turkic Muslims are being indefinitely held in “political education” camps, where they are forced to disavow their identity and become loyal government subjects. The SADC leaders, however, failed to publicly address Zimbabwe’s failure to respect human rights, good governance, and the rule of law, key pillars essential for the country’s sustainable socio-economic recovery. From May to July 2019, the authorities expelled thousands of Buddhist monks and nuns from the Yachen Gar monastery in Sichuan, and their dwellings demolished, according to Xi.
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