sublimazione freud creatività

v.tr. Freud ricorre a questo concetto per spiegare, da un punto di vista economico e dinamico, certi tipi di attività sostenute da un desiderio che non è manifestamente rivolto verso una meta sessuale come, ad esempio, la creazione artistica, l'indagine intellettuale e in generale le attività più elevate dello spirito umano cui la società attribuisce, in genere, grande valore. [26] They are primitive and even primordial artifacts which have benefited mankind not only in the capacity of utensils but also as metaphors of (cosmic) creation ex nihilo. This is just about the opposite of what Freud understands by sublimation. The story is about Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach who cut off the tails of dogs he encountered in childhood and later became a surgeon. Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, p. 163. Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, p. 120. Nei Tre saggi sulla sessualità, Freud sostiene che la teoria della libido non riesce a spiegare le basi chimiche e le fonti, né dell'eccitazione, né della sublimazione dell'istinto sessuale. Consiste in esercizi di meditazione e di contrazione muscolare e di ritenzione del seme, che hanno il risultato di stabilire la consapevolezza e il controllo di un flusso continuo di energia vitale fra i sei livelli somato-psichici-spirituali. In successful sublimation, Sullivan observed extraordinarily efficient handling of a conflict between the need for a satisfaction and the need for security without perturbation of awareness. One doesn't find it, but only its pleasurable associations. This criticism extends from the private sphere of his correspondence (as above) to specific papers he published on psychoanalysis: Freud invented the idea of sublimation to save us from the imaginary claws of the unconscious. "[7][8][9] The classical example in Western religions is clerical celibacy. Such Greek poetical and philosophical creativity (“corpolentissima”, as said by Vico), was involved with the unconscious recognition of structural homology. « The forces that can be employed for cultural activities are thus to a great extent obtained through the suppression of what are known as the perverse elements of sexual excitation. All that we need and that could possibly be given us in the present state of development of the sciences, is a chemistry of the moral, religious, aesthetic conceptions and feeling, as well as of those emotions which we experience in the affairs, great and small, of society and civilization, and which we are sensible of even in solitude. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) founded psychoanalysis, a new theory and treatment of the mind. Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, pp. Rank e S. Ferenczi. He defined sublimation as the process of deflecting sexual instincts into acts of higher social valuation, being "an especially conspicuous feature of cultural development; it is what makes it possible for higher psychical activities, scientific, artistic or ideological, to play such an 'important' part in civilized life. Freud distinse tre tipologie di regressione: topica, ... cosi definita da Kris nel 1952 ed indica l’uso della regressione come mezzo per favorire la creatività. Lacan maintains that creation ex nihilo operates in other noteworthy fields as well. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The Project Gutenberg eBook of Human, All Too Human, by Friedrich Nietzsche", "Cognizantability: Section 2, The Basic Laws of Transmutation", "Brahmacharya – An Outlook of Consciousness", "The Role of Celibacy in the Spiritual Life", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sublimation_(psychology)&oldid=996170605, Articles needing additional references from May 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, One of the best known examples in Western literature is in, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 22:59. Sullivan documented that all sublimatory things are more complicated than the direct satisfaction of the needs to which they apply. His general formula for sublimation is that "it raises an object ... to the dignity of The Thing. 1, 171. Lacan cites Heidegger who situates the vase between the earthly (raising clay from the ground) and the ethereal (pointing upwards to receive). Lacan briefly remarks that religion and science are also based around emptiness. … In myth, Pan pursues the nymph Syrinx who is transformed into hollow reeds in order to avoid the clutches of the God, who subsequently cuts the reeds down in anger and transforms them into what we today call panpipes (both reeds and panpipes rely on their hollowness for the production of sound).[23]. Lacanian sublimation centres to a large part on the notion of Das Ding. La ricerca di un'inabitazione spirituale è un altro tipo di sublimazione della pulsione sessuale. È evidente, a questo punto, come la sublimazione sia, per Sigmund Freud, alla base di ogni forma di creatività. In an action performed many times throughout one's life, which firstly appears sadistic, though is ultimately refined into an activity which is of benefit to mankind.[6]. But what if this chemistry established the fact that, even in its domain, the most magnificent results were attained with the basest and most despised ingredients? zanotta top of the line. By G. Adler and A. Jaffé (Princeton University Press; Princeton, 1974), vol. [This is a summary or excerpt from the full text of the book or article. 115-127. SCOPERTA DELLA PSICOANALISI (1895-1910) 2. SCOPERTA DELLA PSICOANALISI (1895-1910) BIBLIOGRAFIA Opere volume 1: [1895 ] Studi sull’isteria [1887-1904] Lettere a Wilhelm Fliess [1895] Progetto di una psicologia Opere volume 2: [1894] Le neuropsicosi da difesa Opere volume 3: [1899] L’interpretazione dei sogni Opere Volume 4 [1901] Psicopatologia della … Sigmund Freud believed that sublimation was a sign of maturity and civilization, allowing people to function normally in culturally acceptable ways. Questo consente una valorizzazione a livello sociale delle pulsioni sessuali o aggressive nell'ambito della ricerca, delle professioni o dell'attività artistica, fino alla vita religiosa e spirituale. Broadly speaking it is the vacuum one experiences as a human being and which one endeavours to fill with differing human relationships, objects and experiences, all of which are used to plug a gap in one's psychical needs. Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, p. 52. Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, p. 121. As espoused in the Tanya,[10] Hasidic Jewish mysticism views sublimation of the animal soul as an essential task in life, wherein the goal is to transform animalistic and earthy cravings for physical pleasure into holy desires to connect with God. 4 Sublimation - Derive editors Vincenzo Cuomo and Eleonora De Conciliis result of the Congress 'Sublimazione' In regard to religion, Lacan refers the reader to Freud, stating that much obsessional religious behavior can be attributed to the avoidance of the primordial emptiness of Das Ding or in the respecting of it. ... e utili per la società. Freud: spostamento e sublimazione Sigmund Freud indaga le motivazioni della creatività mettendone in luce la componente inconscia e quella psicopatologica. A seminal 2007 study from Bologna University estimated that only 5% of all fetishisms refers to inanimate objects that have no relationship with the human body. La teoria della sublimazione è rimasta però poco elaborata nel pensiero di Freud e perciò manca di una chiara delimitazione rispetto ai processi limitrofi come lo spostamento, formazione reattiva, rimozione. Note sulla sublimazione freudiana* Affrontare il tema della sublimazione implica una stratificazione di difficol- tà per diverse ragioni. Mankind loves to put by the questions of its origin and beginning: must one not be almost inhuman in order to follow the opposite course?[4]. It is not a voluntary and forcible channeling of instinct into a spurious field of application, but an alchymical transformation for which fire and prima materia are needed. La nevrosi creativa è un tipo frequente di sublimazione. Poi il singolo può fare questi movimenti ed esercizi sia prima e durante il rapporto sessuale sia per migliorare durata e qualità per entrambi i partner, che in assenza di rapporti per restare in contatto con la componente spirituale di ciascun livello. Sviluppi della psicoanalisi 1910 – Fondazione dell’Associazione Psicoanalitica Internazionale - Freud prende le distanze dai suoi collaboratori: A. Adler e C.G. "[24] He affirms that the word 'troubadour' is etymologically linked to the Provençal verb trobar (like the French trouver), "to find". TERRITORI DELL’ESPERIENZA ESTETICO CONOSCITIVA NELLA PRATICA ARTISTICA DELLA DANZA by Gabriella Riccio is on-line on Rivista Kaiak A Philosophical Journey No. Harry Stack Sullivan, the pioneer of interpersonal psychoanalysis, defined sublimation as the unwitting substitution of a partial satisfaction with social approval for the pursuit of a direct satisfaction which would be contrary to one's ideals or to the judgment of social censors and other important people who surround one. Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, p. 134, p. 150. In The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defence (1936), his daughter, Anna, classed sublimation as one of the major 'defence mechanisms' of the psyche. Different schools of thought describe general sexual urges as carriers of spiritual essence, and have the varied names of vital energy, vital winds (prana), spiritual energy, ojas, shakti, tummo, or kundalini. È proprio in questo senso che Freud in L'Io e l'Es, parla dell'energia dell'Io come di un'energia «desessualizzata e sublimata», capace di essere spostata su attività non sessuali. [28] As for the discourse of science this is based on the notion of Verwerfung[29] (the German word for "dismissal") which results in the dismissing, foreclosing or exclusion of the notion of Das Ding presumably because it defies empirical categorisation. In Freud's psychoanalytical theory, erotic energy is allowed a limited amount of expression, owing to the constraints of human society and civilization itself. Psychoanalysis encompasses psychology, psychosomatics, psychiatry, psychotherapy, education, family and social conflicts, arts, and religions, leading to original, new, creative ideas to … Anna Freud, The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defence (Karnac Books, 2011), p. 44. Both are simply sublimations in which the basic element seems almost evaporated and betrays its presence only to the keenest observation. Later, it will be Freud’s duty to arrange the evolution (of psyche) with mythological representations. Geller, J.(2009). Struttura in tubo di acciaio cromato. Sublimation (German: Sublimierung) is the process of transforming libido into "socially useful" achievements, including artistic, cultural, and intellectual pursuits. "[21] Furthermore, man is the "artisan of his support system",[21] in other words, he creates or finds the signifiers which delude him into believing he has overcome the emptiness of Das Ding. "Of Snips... and Puppy Dog Tails": Freud's Sublimation of Judentum. He then discusses Freud's notion of love as distinct from, though based on, his general theory of sexuality. Jung che elaboreranno propri sistemi teorici (vedi S. Freud, 1914. He discusses in detail Freud's explanations, before and after narcissism, of idealization and choice of beloved. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 22 dic 2020 alle 12:38. "[20] Lacan considers these objects (whether human, aesthetic, credal, or philosophical) to be signifiers which are representative of Das Ding and that "the function of the pleasure principle is, in effect, to lead the subject from signifier to signifier, by generating as many signifiers as are required to maintain at as low a level as possible the tension that regulates the whole functioning of the psychic apparatus. According to Freud, creativity draws its power from removed infantile sexuality and enables the individual to express sexual representations in a disguised or, more precisely, in a sublimated way. Sigmund Freud believed that sublimation was a sign of maturity and civilization, allowing people to function normally in culturally acceptable ways. Temporarily the individual will be duped by his or her own psyche into believing that this object, this person or this circumstance can be relied upon to satisfy his needs in a stable and enduring manner when in fact it is in its nature that the object as such is lost—and will never be found again. As what Freud have discussed it, sublimation is a sign of maturity or civilization, a kind of defense mechanism to deflect sexual desires or instincts into higher acts of valuation and culturally app The novel covers different topics, but the most prevailing and dominant thought is the idea of Sublimation. Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, p. 119. 455: Roberto Speziale-Bagliacca: Issue 4: ARTICOLI: Dall'essere “in uno” all'essere “uno” come percorso verso il contatto con le emozioni: 463: Basilio Bonfiglio: Sublimazione e creatività : Riflessioni sul … The substitution might not be quite what we want, but it is the only way that we can get part of our satisfaction and feel secure, too. In it Freud introduces the fundamental concepts of the "repetition compulsion" and the "death drive," according to which a perverse, repetitive, self-destructive impulse opposes and even trumps the creative drive, or Eros. But what is real, what actually exists, cannot be alchemically sublimated, and if anything is apparently sublimated it never was what a false interpretation took it to be. [27] In architecture, Lacan asserts, buildings are designed around an empty space and in art paintings proceed from an empty canvas,[28] and often depict empty spaces through perspective. Sublimation is a great mystery. Psychological Science: Mind, Brain, and Behavior, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sublimazione_(psicologia)&oldid=117434776, Voci non biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo. Disegno di Gabriele Mucchi, 1983. The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII. Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, p. 58. ... secondo Freud si intrecciano strettamente, come appare ad esempio in “Un ricordo d'infanzia di Leonardo da Vinci”. American Imago66(2), 169-184. [17], Lacan considers Das Ding a lost object ever in the process of being recuperated by Man. Il concetto di sublimazione è un altro concetto fondamentale nella teoria freudiana dell’interpretazione dell’opera d’arte; nel saggio “Un ricordo d’infanzia di Leonardo da Vinci” del 1910 Freud afferma “…il talento e la capacità artistica sono intimamente connesse con la sublimazione…”. They entail no disturbance of consciousness, no stopping to think why they must be done or what the expense connected with direct satisfaction would be. Eccone soltanto alcune. Ad esempio, una pulsione aggressiva può essere incanalata in una socialmente accettata: il chirurgo[1]. For Freud, sublimation helped explain the plasticity of the sexual instincts (and their convertibility to non-sexual ends). Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, p. 118. He defined … For this reason, Lacan also considers Das Ding to be a non-Thing or vacuole. ABSTRACT. These investigators view their research, published 2013 in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, as providing "possibly the first experimental evidence for sublimation and [suggesting] a cultural psychological approach to defense mechanisms. Jung criticized Freud for obscuring the alchemical origins of sublimation and for attempting instead to make the concept appear scientifically credible: Sublimation is part of the royal art where the true gold is made. The full text of … Freud dice che la creatività è una risposta positiva a un desiderio inconscio infantile, di natura prevalentemente sessuale, che sia stato frustrato e poi rimosso -cioè dimenticato- dalla mente. Nonostante Freud fosse il fondatore della teoria della sublimazione, non riuscì a descrivere la sua tecnologia. "[2], In the opening section of Human, All Too Human entitled 'Of first and last things', Nietzsche wrote:[3], There is, strictly speaking, neither unselfish conduct, nor a wholly disinterested point of view. [5], Freud got the idea of sublimation while reading The Harz Journey by Heinrich Heine. [25] If we consider again the definition of Das Ding, it is dependent precisely on the expectation of the subject to re-find the lost object in the mistaken belief that it will continue to satisfy him (or her). Nei Tre saggi sulla sessualità, Freud sostiene che la teoria della libido non riesce a spiegare le basi chimiche e le fonti, né dell'eccitazione, né della sublimazione dell'istinto sessuale. C. G. Jung believed sublimation to be mystical in nature, thus differing fundamentally from Freud's view of the concept. A study by Kim, Zeppenfeld, and Cohen studied sublimation by empirical methods. La spinta originaria verso queste attività è rinvenuta da Freud in una trasformazione delle pulsioni sessuali: «La pulsione sessuale mette a disposizione del lavoro culturale delle quantità di energia estremamente grandi; e ciò è dovuto alla peculiarità particolarmente accentuata in essa di poter spostare la sua meta senza ridurre sensibilmente la propria intensità. Freud considered this psychical operation to be fairly salutary compared to the others that he identified, such as repression, displacement, denial, reaction formation, intellectualisation, and projection. Leggiamo e commentiamo il Secondo Capitolo del Disagio della Civiltà di #Freud. Jacques Lacan, The Ethics of Psychoanalysis 1959-1960 - The Seminar of Jacques Lacan - Book VII, p. 128. mates v.intr. Freud concluded that sublimation could be a conflict between the need for satisfaction and the need for security without perturbation of awareness. La sublimazione è un meccanismo protettivo della psiche che è responsabile per alleviare lo stress interno, usando il reindirizzamento energetico per raggiungere i risultati di obiettivi socialmente accettabili, ad esempio in creatività, sport, metafisica o religione. In psychology, sublimation is a mature type of defense mechanism, in which socially unacceptable impulses or idealizations are transformed into socially acceptable actions or behavior, possibly resulting in a long-term conversion of the initial impulse. Such creativity, though said to be important, is instead very often restricted to few selected people. Lacan's prime example of this is the courtly love of the troubadours and Minnesänger[20] who dedicated their poetic verse to a love-object which was not only unreachable (and therefore experienced as something missing) but whose existence and desirability also centered around a hole (the vagina). Retrieved April 6, 2012, from Project MUSE database. The most famous contemporary writers, following on Lou Salomé and Freud, who have studied narcissism the most, evaluating its various phenomenologies from many different perspectives (according to the theories of Klein, Jung, W. Bion, the Balints, or the attachment theorists, to mention the principal ones) are A. Appeau, A. Questa capacità di scambiare la meta sessuale originaria con un'altra meta che non è più sessuale, ma è psichicamente imparentata con la prima, viene chiamata capacità di sublimazione.». Te Elfder Ure). Susanna Poltroncina. Considering Boccaccio's Decameron only as a "classic" does not render justice to its narrative structure, geometric and complex. "[1] Wade and Travis present a similar view, stating that sublimation occurs when displacement "serves a higher cultural or socially useful purpose, as in the creation of art or inventions. In pottery for example vases are created around an empty space. The Johns Hopkins University Press. IL CORPO E LA SCENA. The hermeneutic itinerary we propose crosses both lines of research with the explicit purpose of outlining an original concept of Tragic. It is also believed that undergoing sexual sublimation can facilitate a mystical awakening in an individual.[11][12][13]. Sublimation is the transition of a substance directly from the solid to the gas state, without passing through the liquid state. 1. Chiamiamo facoltà di sublimazione questa proprietà di scambiare la meta originaria sessuale con un'altra, non più sessuale ma psichicamente affine alla prima». La ricerca di un'inabitazione spirituale è un altro tipo di sublimazione della pulsione sessuale. It therefore requires other outlets, especially if an individual is to remain psychologically balanced. Le forze utilizzabili per il lavoro culturale provengono quindi, sempre secondo le teorie freudiane, in gran parte dalla repressione dei cosiddetti "elementi pervertiti" dell'eccitazione sessuale. La nevrosi creativa è un tipo frequente di sublimazione. Sulla psicoanalisi parte 1 1. La trasformazione di una spinta pulsionale in un'attività sublimata, richiederebbe un tempo intermedio. Alchimie della creatività. [23] For Lacan such courtly love was "a paradigm of sublimation. Lacan also considers sublimation to be a process of creation ex nihilo (creating out of nothing),[22] whereby an object, human or manufactured, comes to be defined in relation to the emptiness of Das Ding. Roberto Marco Grego nasce a Venezia da genitori ebrei: Elena Kaula (1863-1925) e Leone Grego, ingegnere (1850-1890), sposati il 02-04-1882. Would many feel disposed to continue such investigations? Something is there while one waits for something better, or worse, but which one wants,[18] and again Das Ding "is to be found at most as something missed. Freud has appropriated this concept and usurped it for the sphere of the will and the bourgeois, rationalistic ethos.[14]. The concept also underpinned his psychoanalytical theories, which showed the human psyche at the mercy of conflicting impulses (such as the super-ego and the id). He attempt to show that Plato's was a unified theory in which erotic love has a special connecion with creativity and beauty. Sublimazione dell'energia sessuale e creatività. Sexual sublimation, also known as sexual transmutation, is the act, especially among some religious traditions, to transform sexual impulses or "sexual energy" into creative energy. Of this Freud knows nothing; worse still, he barricades all the paths that could lead to true sublimation. In this context, sublimation is the transference of sexual energy, or libido, into a physical act or a different emotion in order to avoid confrontation with the sexual urge, which is itself contrary to the individual's belief or ascribed religious belief. For each of its aspects reveals the subversive potential of its narrative. Pagine 240, F. 150 (titolo originale: Freud en zijn patiënten. «la pulsione sessuale mette enormi quantità di forze a disposizione del lavoro di incivilimento e ciò a causa della sua particolare qualità assai spiccata di spostare la sua meta senza nessun'essenziale diminuzione dell'intensità.

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