But recent events also show “the promise of rights-respecting democracy … remains a vital, mobilizing vision.” Roth emphasizes that important battles are being won, re-energizing the global defense of human rights. World Report 2019 - Uganda. A man displays his catch in the Ayeyarwady Region where countless acres of farmland were confiscated without notice or compensation and turned into fishponds. One of the Ayeyarwady Region’s many fishponds where countless villagers had their farmlands confiscated by State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) ministries and soldiers in the 1990s. The National Intelligence and Security Service (NISS) used excessive force to break up protests and arbitrarily detained dozens of activists and opposition party members. Children are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of toxic exposures as their brains and bodies are still developing. “Evelina,” 17, with her 3-year-old daughter “Hope,” in Migori county, western Kenya. Some farmers were effectively forced to dig ponds on their own lands. Expanding needs, diminishing means - Mapping of trends in funding for social enablers in Southern and East Africa, The International Narcotics Control Board on human rights: A critique of the report for 2019, Reducing harms in the work environment - Recommendations for employing and managing peers in harm reduction programmes in South Africa, Meaningful civil society involvement in the area of drug policy in Europe - Assessment report & literature review, The impact of COVID-19 on harm reduction in seven Asian countries, A right to the city? Bosnia made limited progress in 2018 towards addressing long-standing human rights problems, the report said. Carina suffered acute poisoning while attending school in 2017: “I started feeling sick, nauseous…. A mural in a lower secondary school in the city of Sédhiou, southern Senegal, promotes abstinence to tackle HIV/AIDS. The authorities censored the media, confiscated newspapers, detained outspoken critics, and barred key opposition figures from traveling outside the country. Photograph by Elin Martínez. Myanmar security forces continued to commit grave abuses against Rohingya Muslims throughout 2018, deepening the humanitarian and human rights catastrophe in Rakhine State. Jovana, a woman in her mid-20s, with her young daughter. A fire burns in southern Shan State on land the Myanmar military now claims it owns, though local farmers have lived and worked on the land for decades. Imagem de drone sobre uma comunidade indígena Guarani-Kaiowá localizada a poucas horas de carro de Campo Grande, capital do estado do Mato Grosso do Sul. More specifically in relation to drug policy, the report highlights numerous human rights violations, including: Keep up-to-date with drug policy developments by subscribing to the IDPC Monthly Alert. Conflicts in Darfur, Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile continued. Our annual review of human rights around the globe, Changing the Terms of Engagement with Silicon Valley, Limiting Beijing’s Influence Over Accountability and Justice, Time to Re-Energize the “Never Again” Movement, Convincing “Middle Powers” to Fight Autocrats Despite High Costs, Helping Older People Stay Connected, and at Home, Human Judgment and Responsibility in the Age of Technology. She received no information or advice about policies that allowed her to continue going to school while she was pregnant. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 World Report 2019 is Human Rights Watch’s 29th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. Is Morocco’s cannabis landrace the way forward? Her father tried to marry her off to suitors after she gave birth, but Angela’s mother fought against this and supported her return to school. She told Human Rights Watch: “The airplane flies over the houses with the duster on. Irupe and Pinon, both in their 40s, live in a community a few hours’ drive from Campo Grande, the capital city of Mato Grosso do Sul in mid-west Brazil. The rest of the volume consists of individual country entries, each of which identifies significant human rights abuses, examines the freedom of local human rights defenders to conduct their work, and surveys the response of key international actors, such as the United Nations, European Union, African Union, United States, China, and various regional and international organizations and institutions. The mounting resistance to autocracy, cautions Roth, is not always successful in the short term, and this remains in some ways a dark time for human rights. Photograph by Elin Martínez. Among her symptoms, Irupe experienced dizziness, headache, and vomiting. HRW – Human Rights Watch. “Angela,” 20, walks with her son near her home after returning from school in Migori county, western Kenya. She is a Form 4 student at a girls-only school. He told Human Rights Watch: “You feel bitterness in the throat. Human Rights Watch publishes reports on many different topics and compiles an annual World Report presenting an overview of the worldwide state of human rights. The school’s principal and a secondary school teacher encouraged her to go back to school after delivery, and now ensure she gets time off when her baby is unwell. In his keynote essay, “World’s Autocrats Face Rising Resistance,” Human Rights Watch Executive Director Kenneth Roth argues that while autocrats and rights abusers often captured headlines in 2018, rights defenders pushed back and gained strength in unexpected ways. Jakaira, a man in his 40s who has lived in his community in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul for 10 years, suffered acute poisoning around October 2017. Even though many once-influential governments have been missing in action on human rights or even switched sides, effective coalitions emerged to “raise the price of abuse and shift the cost-benefit calculus that convinces governments that repression pays.”. Bernardo, a man in his 30s, was born in a quilombo (Afro-Brazilian) community of around 60, men, women, and children in Minas Gerais State, southeast Brazil. The 674-page book reflects extensive investigative work that Human Rights Watch staff undertook in 2018, usually in close partnership with human rights activists and groups in the country in question. January 17th, 2019 Human Rights Watch 2019 World Report. It also reflects the work of our advocacy team, which monitors policy developments and strives to persuade governments and international institutions to curb abuses and promote human rights. The Human Rights Watch World Report of 2020 reports that there were approximately 783 people shot and killed by police in the United States in 2019. Photograph by Elin Martínez. We scrupulously investigate abuses, expose the facts widely, and pressure those with power to respect rights and secure justice. Pedrina, a woman in her mid-40s, lives in Minas Gerais State. In Tanzania, school officials routinely subject girls to forced pregnancy testing as a disciplinary measure to expel pregnant students from schools. It charts the transformation of China from a human rights exception and a human rights pariah state to an active participant in, and shaper of, global human rights governance. World Report 2019 - Myanmar. Barbed wire surrounds a factory in southern Shan State built on land that farmers report was confiscated by the military in 2004. “Evelina,” 17, from Migori county, western Kenya, dropped out of the first year of lower secondary school when she got pregnant. This article examines the complex dialogical relationship between China and the global reach of human rights. The human rights records of more than ninety countries and territories are put into perspective in Human Rights Watch’s signature yearly report. He said that in 2004 a company took the land from him. O governo cubano continua a reprimir e punir a dissidência e críticas públicas. After decades of near total diplomatic isolation, 2018 was a year of significant change in Eritrea’s relationship with its neighbors. Bosnia and Herzegovina. Lack of access to essential medicines due to conflicts, external pressure or stigma (in Gaza and Ukraine). After her baby was born, a friend encouraged her to go back to school.  He works eleven hours daily at an automobile repair shop near the refugee camp where his … Drone view of a quilombo (Afro-Brazilian) community in Minas Gerais State, southeast Brazil. La Win, 61, a farmer from the Ayeyarwady Region, spent four years clearing 35 acres of land in 1991. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, You Should Be Worrying about the Woman Shortage, As China’s Grip Tightens, Global Institutions Gasp, Download the easy-to-read version of the keynote essay, Video: World Report 2019 Press Conference Live from Berlin, "You Don't Want to Breathe Poison Anymore". HRW – Human Rights Watch. World Report 2019 is Human Rights Watch’s 29th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. We don’t wait, we run inside the houses. Photograph by Elin Martínez. Evelina is in Form 2, the second year of lower secondary school. © 2020 International Drug Policy Consortium, Weekly Asia-Pacific News Digest in English, A global network promoting objective and open debate on drug policy, Taking stock: A decade of drug policy - A civil society shadow report, Understanding the crisis in harm reduction funding in Central and Eastern Europe, Implementation and evaluation of a novel, unofficial, trainee-organized hospital addiction medicine consultation service, Coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Resources and information, A “humane” global drug war is possible, house commission tells Biden, HepaGo – Supporting people living on the streets during the pandemic, First hand story: Drug checking in Lithuania, A message from our Executive Director: Six drug policy takeaways from 2020, Coca: Time to remove the stigma and embrace the potential, 'Drugs were as normal as eating rice': Understanding the experiences and needs of transgender sex workers in Pattaya, Thailand. The painting aims to create awareness about sexual abuse of girls on their way to schools, and shows a female student refusing to take money from an adult man, saying “Sidanganyiki” or “I cannot be deceived” in Kiswahili. “No one solves it—there is no justice.”. A classroom at a school located in the municipality of Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso, looking out on the plantations immediately beside the school grounds. Students enrolled in the final year of lower secondary school in the classroom in a village in Kolda region, southern Senegal. Residents had to build a makeshift bamboo walkway to avoid having to walk on the trash underneath their homes and all around them. He told Human Rights Watch: “The airplane [spraying pesticides] flies over the community. I started vomiting many times, until I had thrown up all I had in my stomach and was just retching. The government subsequently designated the land for use by Myanmar military’s veterans. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 100 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from late 2017 through November 2018. Thein Tun, 41, a farmer from Shan State, was jailed for one month for trespassing on land he says his family has owned for decades. O número de detenções arbitrárias e de curta duração de defensores de direitos humanos, jornalistas independentes, e outros, foi significativamente menor em 2018 comparado a 2017 mas ainda permaneceu alto – com mais de 2.000 denúncias de detenções arbitrárias entre janeiro e agosto. Only twelve years old, Ali has become his family’s breadwinner. “Eileen,” 23, dropped out of Form 2, the second year of lower secondary school, at age 17, when her school conducted a pregnancy test and school officials and parents found out she was pregnant. The report addresses situations and events in calendar year 2019 only. The sun rises over the Ayeyarwady Region’s many fishponds where countless villagers had their once-verdant farmlands confiscated by military-backed ministries and soldiers in the 1990s. Low-income housing being built on land on the outskirts of Yangon from which previous residents in makeshift homes were displaced. She wants to go to college and study nursing. The classes were cancelled for everyone, and I went home.”. world report 2019 table of contents Rights Watch publications, issued throughout the year, contain more detailed accounts of many of the issues addressed in the brief summaries in this volume. A farmer tends a fishpond in the Ayeyarwady Region where untold amounts of land have been confiscated since the early 1990s. Some of the houses are around 20 meters from the adjacent sugarcane plantation. Laborers on the outskirts of Yangon build low-income housing brick-by-brick, while nearby homes of displaced residents sit on an old trash dump. The Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) authorized the nomination of Evo Morales for a fourth… The school has just over 100 students, with classes for 15- and 16-year-old children during the day and for adults in the evening. On Thursday 17 th January, Human Rights Watch (HRW) released its 29 th annual review of human rights practices in more than 100 countries around the world. “Ruhiyyeh,” 17, from the city of Kolda, southern Senegal, got pregnant when she was in the final year of lower secondary school. Thein Myint, 44, a farmer from Hlaing Thayar Township in the Yangon Region, had several acres of land taken from his family in 1991 by the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) military government. Bernardo told Human Rights Watch that he feels powerless against aerial spraying of pesticides. Drawing on analysis of a series of human rights successes in international fora, often led by unlikely government coalitions, and of powerful activism by civic groups at national and regional levels, he shows that defense of rights worldwide is resilient and multi-faceted. Of those whose race was identified, 20 percent were black (Human Rights Watch, 2020). Some classrooms are about 15 meters from the fields. She wants to continue studying so she can find a job and care for her child. “We’ve registered several complaints at the [local] civil police station and military police,” he said. Carina, a women in her mid-30s who studies at a school in the municipality of Primavera do Leste, Mato Grosso, stands near a cotton plantation. She received no information or advice about policies that allowed her to continue going to school while she was pregnant. A plantação vizinha alterna entre o cultivo de soja e milho. HRW – Human Rights Watch World Report 2019 - Kyrgyzstan Long-term human rights concerns persisted in the first year of Soronbai Jeenbekov’s presidency, even as blatant attacks on media freedoms became less frequent, and the president appeared to seek more constructive engagement with civil society. HRW – Human Rights Watch. Residents of the community told Human Rights Watch of numerous cases of acute poisoning by pesticides in recent years from both aerial and ground spraying. You don’t want to breathe poison anymore—you want to breathe another type of air—but there isn’t any.”, Panambi, a woman in her mid-20s, lives in a small house with her mother and four-year old daughter. The government and military have refused in all but a few cases to return these confiscated lands to their original owners. Sudan’s rights record showed little change in 2018. El gobierno cubano continúa reprimiendo y castigando el disenso y la crítica pública. She wants to continue studying so she can find a job and care for her child. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 Dans la 29e édition de son Rapport mondial annuel (version intégrale en anglais 674 pages – version abrégée en français 233 pages), Human Rights Watch examine les pratiques en matière de droits humains dans plus de 100 pays au cours de l’année 2018. Harm reduction as urban community development and social inclusion, False drug charges and police raids weaponised for political purposes (in Azerbaijan, Egypt, Georgia and Russia), Disproportionate sentencing, violations to due process, executions and extra-judicial killings in the name of a so-called 'war on drugs' (in Bangladesh, Indonesia, Iran, Kuwait, Philippines, Saudia Arabia, Singapore and Thailand), Widespread violence and killings perpetrated by state and non-state actors (in Colombia and Mexico), Racial disparities in policing (in the United States). Amid Sudan’s ongoing economic crisis, President al-Bashir re… Farmers wrap and transport crops from a field in the Ayeyarwady Region. The best country-by-country assessment of human rights. It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on … The government eventually sold the land his family once farmed, and new owners fenced off the land and built factories and other structures. About World Report 2019. Human Rights Watch is an independent, international organization that works as part of a vibrant movement to uphold human dignity and advance the cause of human rights for all. Although Evelina cannot afford to pay school fees, the school’s head teacher allows her to stay in school. They live in Minas Gerais State and, along with other residents, said that airplanes often spray over the houses in their community. Photograph by Elin Martínez. Human Rights Watch World Report summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from late 2017 through to November 2018. To support his family, he now collects and sells grass from nearby empty lots, earning no more than a few thousand kyat per day. They told Human Rights Watch that the most recent incident of poisoning was in early 2018, when they felt spray from a tractor spraying pesticides in the nearby plantation. Could 30 years of political controversy on needle exchange programmes in Sweden contribute to scaling-up harm reduction services in the world? Angela became pregnant when her trainee teacher offered to pay some of her primary school fees in return for sex. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 Villagers ride past the entrance to a vast area of farmland that local residents said the government confiscated from them in southern Shan State. Few plots of land have been returned to their original owners who were all denied adequate compensation for their land. The report summarises the key threats to human rights in those countries, reporting on events from late 2017 through to November 2018. She described being sprayed by pesticides from airplanes, along with her children, and experiencing symptoms including headaches, nausea, dizziness and vomiting. This annual report, published by Human Rights Watch (HRW), summarizes data about global human rights practices from more than 100 countries and territories worldwide. World Report 2019 - Eritrea. The Department of State prepared this report using information from U.S. embassies and consulates abroad, foreign government officials, nongovernmental and international organizations, jurists and legal experts, journalists, academics, labor activists, and published reports. The communities were paid little in compensation for the relocation and considerably suffered through the ordeal. He received no compensation for the land, which was just one parcel in a broader swath of land confiscated by the company in the region. La cantidad de detenciones arbitrarias de corta duración de defensores de derechos humanos, periodistas independientes y otras personas fue sustancialmente menor que en 2017, pero igualmente alta, y hubo más de 2.000 denuncias de detenciones arbitrarias entre enero y agosto de 2018. There is nothing we can do.”. “We should be breathing fresh air, but we felt a bad taste, a burning [sensation.]”. Since he is unable to farm his land, he now works as a manual laborer, weaving together thatch walls, and occasionally fishing. Uganda’s constitutional court upheld Parliament’s 2017 constitutional amendment to remove age limits for presidential candidates, paving the way for President Yoweri Museveni, in power since 1986, to run in all future elections. The pesticides are very strong.”, Estevo, a man in his mid-50s, lives in Minas Gerais State. World Report 2019 is Human Rights Watch’s 29th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. Aratiri, a 9-year-old boy, lives in an indigenous community in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. World Report 2019, 17 Jan 2019 "World Report 2019 is Human Rights Watch’s 29th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. World Report 2019 is Human Rights Watch’s 29th annual review of human rights practices around the globe. It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from late 2017 through November 2018. After his release, soldiers threatened to evict him and his family. Uiara, a woman in her early 50s, lives in Minas Gerais State. She told Human Rights Watch that, during an episode of spraying on the nearby plantation in March 2018, she and her family felt their eyes burning and that she covered her daughter’s mouth with a damp cloth to try and protect her. A painting by Rafiki Social Development Organization, displayed outside its office in Kahama district, Shinyanga, Tanzania. He has filed countless claims with the government in attempts to get his land back to no avail. It summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide, drawing on events from late 2017 through November 2018. Human Rights Watch 2019 report: People from different departments of Bolivia march towards La Paz against the nomination of Bolivian President Evo Morales as candidate for reelection for the October 2019 national elections, in Villa Remedios, Bolivia, on December 5, 2018. Adolescent mothers and married girls study in this school. It has been published by Seven Stories Press since 2006; the current edition, World Report 2020 , was released in January 2020, and covers events of 2019. “Harriet,” 17, from Migori county, western Kenya, dropped out of the first year of lower secondary school when she got pregnant. In his keynote essay, “World’s Autocrats Face Rising Resistance,” Human Rights Watch Executive Director Kenneth Roth argues that while autocrats and rights abusers often captured headlines in 2018, rights defenders pushed back and gained strength in unexpected ways. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people worldwide. HRW – Human Rights Watch World Report 2019 - Rwanda The ruling Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and President Paul Kagame continued to exert control over the political landscape in Rwanda, as political opposition leaders have been intimidated and silenced, arrested, or forced into exile. Several times pesticides fell on me while I was working on the land. HRW – Human Rights Watch World Report 2020 - Venezuela In early January 2019, Juan Guaidó, the National Assembly president, asked Venezuelans to mobilize in … The displaced community, who were told by company staff and local authorities they could relocate a few hundred meters away on an old landfill, still resides in the shadow of the new housing. She told Human Rights Watch she has felt the symptoms of acute poisoning from pesticide spray many times and described fearing retaliation if she went to the authorities to raise concerns about the health impacts of pesticide spraying.
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