One local group estimated that by February 22, 2015 aerial barrel bomb attacks had killed 6,163 civilians in Syria, including 1,892 children, since the passage of the UN Security Council Resolution 2139. by Human Rights Watch, New York, January 2016. February 02, 2016 (updated on March 01, 2016) On January 27, 2016, Human Rights Watch (HRW) released its “World Report 2016,” with a section devoted to “ Israel/Palestine: Events of 2015 .” Following a long-running pattern, HRW presents a highly selective political narrative and … Russian forces began a joint air operation with the Syrian government at the beginning of October claiming it was targeting only ISIS locations but in fact were also striking other armed group in areas like Idlib and Homs. International media has reported the execution of men charged with being gay in ISIS controlled areas by throwing them off the top of buildings. Human Rights Watch (HRW) is an international non-governmental organization, headquartered in New York City, that conducts research and advocacy on human rights. Our annual review of human rights around the globe, Making Legal Recognition for Transgender People a Global Priority, Meeting the Global Development Goals’ Promise to Girls, The Global Overuse of Detention of Children. HRW – Human Rights Watch. يلخص التقرير العالمي 2016 أبرز قضايا حقوق الإنسان في أكثر من 90 دولة ومنطقة حول العالم. Key regional and international actors in Syria, but not Syrian parties themselves, met in Vienna in October in an attempt to restart political negotiations. On November 10, 2015 armed opposition groups shelled Latakia killing 23 people and injuring 65 according to international media reports. Its annual World Report is the most probing review of human rights developments available anywhere. Human Rights Watch World Report 2016: Cuba "Freedom can not be fruitful for the peoples who have their forehead stained in blood." HRW – Human Rights Watch. World Report 2016 summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. Events of 2015. The French sought to pass a resolution banning barrel bombs and introducing a more robust reporting mechanism but their efforts stalled amid Russian opposition and a preference among a number of countries to prioritize negotiations. Skickas inom 7-10 vardagar. 2015 by human rights watch staff in close partnership with domestic human rights activists the annual world report 2016 is an invaluable resource for journalists researchers students diplomats and citizens and is a must read for anyone interested in the fight to protect human rights in every corner of the globe world report 2017 book Human Rights Watch documented a system of organized rape and sexual assault, sexual slavery, and forced marriage by ISIS forces. World Report 2016 summarizes key human rights issues in more than 90 countries and territories worldwide. The government has used siege strategies to effectively starve civilian populations into submission and force negotiations that would allow the government to retake territory. In his keynote essay, Human Rights Watch Executive Director Kenneth Roth details how fear drove global developments of 2015. He has conducted numerous … - Jose Marti. World report 2016 : events of 2015. ISIS also executed men accused of homosexuality. Non-state armed groups opposing the government also carried out serious abuses including attacking civilians, using child soldiers, kidnapping, and torture. In August, the Security Council adopted Resolution 2235 to establish an independent panel charged with determining who is responsible for chemical attacks in Syria. HRW – Human Rights Watch World Report 2016 - Libya Amid tenuous United Nations-led peace talks, Libya’s political and security crisis deepened as two rival governments competed for legitimacy, control of vital institutions, and international support. Sri Lanka. One of the deadliest air attacks occurred on August 16 when government’s air force repeatedly struck Douma’s popular markets and residential areas killing at least 112 people. As a result, UNHCR, the World Food Programme, and others have cut assistance to refugees, including the provision of basic goods and health care subsidies. They have been refused entry or forcibly deported from Jordan and some Palestinian-Jordanians who had been living in Syria had their Jordanian citizenship withdrawn. Between February 2014 and January 2015, Human Rights Watch determined at least 450 major damage sites that showed damage consistent with barrel bomb detonations. The “Caesar” photographs show more than 6,700 people who died in Syrian government custody. The government and its allies carried out deliberate and indiscriminate attacks on civilians. Witnesses told Human Rights Watch that they saw ISIS execute people in public places in towns the group controlled in the governorates of Raqqa and Deir al-Zor. Devastating earthquakes on April 25 and May 12, 2015, left an estimated 9,000 people dead and nearly 20,000 injured. Human rights defender Mazen Darwish, and his colleagues Hani al-Zitani and Hussein Ghareer, from the Syrian Center for Media and Freedom of Expression, were finally released in the summer of 2015. Palestinian refugees coming from Syria have also faced additional restrictions in Lebanon following new regulations by the minister of interior in May that limited Palestinians’ ability to enter the country or renew their residencies if they already were in the country. Syrian Kurdish authorities have denied any policy of forced displacement or other targeting of Arabs. Refworld is the leading source of information necessary for taking quality decisions on refugee status. Incommunicado detention and torture remain rampant in detention facilities. They also used grenades and snipers fired on civilians from rooftops as they tried to retrieve the dead. In 2015, violence continued to escalate inside Syria amid an absence of meaningful efforts to end the war or reduce abuses. Häftad, 2016. These attacks repeatedly hit known civilian objectives, including schools, mosques, and markets. Fears of terror attacks and potential impact of refugee influx led to a scaling back of rights in Europe and other regions. The armed extremist group Islamic State (also known as ISIS), and Al-Qaeda’s affiliate in Syria, Jabhat al-Nusra, were responsible for systematic and widespread violations, including targeting civilians, kidnappings, and executions. The United States continued leading coalition to bombard ISIS in Iraq and Syria. World Report 2016 - Nepal. HRW – Human Rights Watch. Their fate remained unknown at time of writing. World Report 2016 - Serbia. The report represents events for the calendar year 2016 only. The government persisted in conducting indiscriminate air attacks, including dropping large numbers of improvised barrel bombs on civilians in defiance of United Nations Security Council Resolution 2139 passed on February 22, 2014. The United Kingdom and Germany also voted to begin airstrikes against ISIS in early December. Some activists, like the lawyer and human rights defender Khalil Maatouk, whom former detainees reported to have seen in government detention, continued to be held in conditions amounting to enforced disappearance. Amid tenuous United Nations-led peace talks, Libya’s political and security crisis deepened as two rival governments competed for legitimacy, control of vital institutions, and international support. The Cuban government continues to repress dissent and discourage public criticism. In July 2014, a Security Council Resolution authorized deliveries of cross border humanitarian aid even without government permission. Hungary erected fences and imposed high penalties for irregular entry, while pushbacks were reported from Bulgaria and Greece, sometimes violently, at their borders or from their territorial waters without allowing people to lodge asylum claims. Airstrikes have indiscriminately hit markets, schools, and hospitals. The conflict has led to a humanitarian crisis with an estimated 7.6 million internally displaced and 4.2 million refugees in neighboring countries. About World Report 2016 The human rights records of more than ninety countries and territories is put into perspective in Human Rights Watch’s signature yearly report. The Russian air force has been using a military air base south of Latakia to carry out strikes in Syria. Elections in Sri Lanka brought about momentous changes after nearly a decade of increasingly autocratic rule. In China, Ethiopia, India, and Russia, fears that social media will energize social and political movements helped to drive a disturbing global trend: the adoption of repressive new laws and policies targeting civil society. These besieged areas suffer from constant bombardment, deprivation of adequate aid in forms of nutrition and clean water, and their residents receive poor medical attention. Released detainees consistently report ill-treatment and torture in detention facilities, and prison conditions that lead to many cases of deaths in custody. In March 2015, the photographs were published online, and families who had spent months or years searching for disappeared relatives began recognizing their loved ones. HRW – Human Rights Watch World Report 2016 - Israel/Palestine Israel continued in 2015 to enforce severe and discriminatory restrictions on Palestinians’ human rights, and to build unlawful settlements in and facilitate the transfer of Israeli civilians to the occupied West Bank. Former detainees, including detained doctors, said that common causes of death in detention include infections, torture, and lack of care for chronic diseases. According to the gay activist organization OutRight Action International, 36 men in Syria and Iraq were killed on charges of sodomy. It reflects investigative work that Human Rights Watch staff undertook in 2015, usually in close partnership with human rights activists in the country in focus. The attacks happened close to Tishrin University. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and bringing perpetrators to justice, Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808, Desperate Journey: Europe’s Refugee Crisis, "Marry Before Your House is Swept Away": Child Marriage in Bangladesh, Teens of the Tobacco Fields: Child Labor in United States Tobacco Farming, “There is no Time Left”: Climate Change and Environmental Threats in Turkana County, Kenya. Rescue and relief efforts were slow to get off the ground, in part due to damage to the country’s already-weak infrastructure. As of November had registered over 4.2 million Syrian refugees in Lebanon, Jordan, Turkey, Iraq, and Egypt. World Report 2016 book. Köp World Report 2016 av Human Rights Watch på Bokus.com. Non-state armed groups have launched indiscriminate mortar and other artillery strikes from areas under their control that killed civilians in neighborhoods under government control in Aleppo, Damascus, Idlib, and Latakia. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 The Syrian American Medical Society identified 38 additional communities that meet the definition of besieged bringing their total of besieged to 640,000. The Syrian government continued to violate Security Council Resolution 2139 from February 2014 demanding safe and unhindered humanitarian access—including across conflict lines and across borders; that all parties cease “indiscriminate employment of weapons in populated areas, including shelling and aerial bombardment, such as the use of barrel bombs,” and an end to the practices of arbitrary detention, disappearance, and abductions, and the release of everyone who has been arbitrarily detained. World Report 2016 - Libya. Prominent human rights defender, Razan Zeitouneh, and three of her colleagues, Wael Hamada, Samira Khalil, and Nazem Hammadi were abducted on December 9, 2013, in Douma, a city outside Damascus under the control of a number of armed opposition groups, including the Army of Islam. Human Rights Watch | 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th Floor | New York, NY 10118-3299 USA | t 1.212.290.4700 Human Rights Watch is a 501(C)(3) nonprofit registered in the US under EIN: 13-2875808 The victims were shot, beheaded, crucified, or stoned to death depending on the charge. All four neighboring countries accepting Syrian refugees have denied Syrians secure legal status. Non-state armed groups have also been responsible for abductions. “Government-led restrictions on media freedom and freedom of expression in Turkey in 2015 went hand-in-hand with efforts to discredit the political opposition and prevent scrutiny of government policies in the run-up to the two general elections,” according to Human Rights Watch (HRW) 2016 World Report. They have formed councils akin to ministries and introduced a new constitutional law. The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) estimated in 2015 that 7.6 million Syrians are internally displaced and that 12.2 million need humanitarian assistance. Activists who remained in detention at time of writing included freedom of expression advocate Bassil Khartabil. There was limited progress in 2015 toward closing the gap between Serbia’s human rights obligations and its practice. HRW: 2016 World Report. How the Politics of Fear and the Crushing of Civil Society Imperil Global Rights, Meeting the Global Development Goals’ Promise to Girls, Making Legal Recognition for Transgender People a Global Priority, The Global Overuse of Detention of Children. These unguided high explosive bombs are cheaply made, locally produced, and typically constructed from large oil drums, gas cylinders, and water tanks, filled with high explosives and scrap metal to enhance fragmentation, and then dropped from helicopters. At least 54 Alawite women and children that were taken hostage during a military offensive in Latakia countryside in August 2013 continue to be held by “the Mujahadeen room in Latakia countryside.”. Some people were executed for blasphemy, adultery, or treason, the witnesses reported. According to local groups, more than 640,000 people live under long-term siege in Syria. They also put students at risk by using schools at military bases, barracks, detention centers, and sniper posts. ISIS also deliberately targeted civilians in a June 2015 attack on the northern Syrian city of Kobani (Ain al-Arab in Arabic) killing between 233 and 262 civilians. According to local Syrian groups, as of October 2015, the death toll in the conflict reached more than 250,000 people including over 100,000 civilians. يعكس التقرير تحقيقات فريق "هيومن رايتس ووتش" خلال 2015، التي نتجت غالبا عن شراكة وثيقة مع النشطاء الحقوقيين في الدول المعنية. Pris: 229 kr. Human Rights Watch's annual World Report 2016 highlights the armed conflict in Syria, international drug reform, drones and electronic mass surveillance and is a must-read for anyone interested in the fight to protect human rights in every corner of the globe. At time of writing, only 45 percent of UNHCR’s appeal for the regional refugee response was funded, leaving a budget shortfall of more than US$2.5 billion. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Human Rights Watch received numerous, detailed complaints from Syrian refugees and activists in southern Turkey that YPG troops forcibly displaced a number of Sunni Arabs from areas that the YPG had taken back from ISIS, as well as confiscating or burning their homes, businesses, and crops. Refworld contains a vast collection of reports relating to situations in countries of origin, policy documents and positions, and documents relating to international and national legal frameworks. Many detainees were young men in their 20s or 30s; but children, women, and elderly people were also detained. Syrian security forces continue to detain people arbitrarily, regularly subjecting them to ill-treatment and torture, and often disappearing them using an extensive network of detention facilities throughout Syria. In 2015, Iraq, Jordan, Turkey, and Lebanon all implemented measures to restrict the numbers of refugees entering their countries. Roth traces the ways in which human rights law can and should guide responses to these major global developments. Palestinians from Syria have faced additional obstacles. Despite a general amnesty declared by the government in June 2014, scores of civil society activists, human rights defenders, media, and humanitarian workers remain in arbitrary detention, some of whom are on trial, including before counterterrorism courts, for exercising their rights. HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH is one of the world's leading independent organizations dedicated to defending and protecting human rights, and operates in more than eighty countries. By September, over 2,000 Yezidi women and girls had escaped, but over 5,200 remained in the hands of ISIS, according to Vian Dakhil, a Yezidi member of Iraq’s parliament. In 2015, humanitarian aid agencies experienced significant challenges in getting assistance to the displaced civilian population and others badly affected by the conflict because of sieges imposed by both government and non-state armed groups, the government’s continuing obstacles to allow assistance to come in across the border, and a general failure to guarantee security for humanitarian workers. In 2015, more than 440,000 Syrians attempted to reach Europe by sea. Armed groups also endangered detained civilians and soldiers in Eastern Ghouta by placing them in metal cages in what they said was an attempt to deter government attacks on the area. Armed groups continue to impose sieges around the towns of Nubul and Zahra (Aleppo) and Fou`a and Kefraya (Idlib). While Human Rights Watch was unable to conclusively determine the toxic chemicals used, the distinct smell of chlorine reported by rescue workers and doctors indicate that it was probably used. Despite its accession to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 2014, the Syrian government used toxic chemicals in several barrel bomb attacks in Idlib governorate in March, April, and May. The sieges violate council Resolution 2139, which demands that all parties “immediately lift the sieges of populated areas,” including in Homs, Moadamiya, and Daraya in western Ghouta, eastern Ghouta, and the Palestinian refugee camp in Yarmouk in south Damascus. The Human Rights Council renewed the mandate of its independent International Commission of Inquiry on Syria in March 2015 for one year.